The hottest global plastics industry is booming, a

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The global plastics industry is booming, and bioplastics usher in new opportunities

bioplastics refers to plastics based on natural substances such as starch and produced under the action of microorganisms. It is renewable, so it is very environmentally friendly. Common bioplastics, ranging from TV brackets and computer frames to small decorations and kitchen garbage bags, can be found everywhere. With the promotion of national policies, the enhancement of public awareness of environmental protection and the reduction of the cost of biodegradable materials brought about by technological progress, the market space of bioplastics is huge. At the same time, in terms of demand, although the rapid growth stage of plastic consumption in China has passed, there is a huge demand for bioplastics under the background of urbanization and expanding domestic demand, which will lead to a considerable gap between supply and demand in 2011

the global plastics industry is booming and bioplastics ushers in new opportunities

the global bioplastics market has broad prospects and ushers in new opportunities

the European Commission recently announced that it is considering a comprehensive ban on the use of plastic bags within the EU to prevent further deterioration of the ecological environment. In addition, from now until August this year, the European Commission will also solicit the opinions of the general public through the Internet on the provisions to improve the awareness of biodegradable packaging products and strengthen the biodegradability of packaging materials. Comments: the environmental protection requirements of developed countries are becoming increasingly strict, and biodegradable plastics usher in new opportunities. In recent years, with the gradual enhancement of people's awareness of environmental protection, the application of traditional plastic packaging in developed countries and regions such as the European Union is limited

for example, Italy stipulates that disposable plastic bags must use degradable plastics, while Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and other countries have formulated tax incentives to encourage the application of biodegradable plastics. In addition, the EU plans to ban the use of traditional plastic bags across the EU and increase the publicity of biodegradable packaging products, which will undoubtedly bring new development opportunities to the development of biodegradable plastics, thereby promoting the rapid development of the biodegradable plastics industry

the main target markets of biodegradable plastics are packaging films, agricultural films, household plastics and foamed plastics. In 2010, the output of plastic packaging film in China was about 5.5 million tons, the output of agricultural film was about 1.6 million tons, the output of daily plastic (there are usually two methods for one operation: sex lunch boxes and cups) was about 6.5 million tons, and the demand for foam plastic packaging was about 900000 tons. At present, the world market demand for plastic films and disposable daily-use plastics is estimated to be 30million tons. Even if biodegradable plastics can replace 10% of the demand, the market scale will reach 3million tons. At present, the world's biodegradable plastic production capacity is only 800000 tons, which is far from meeting the growing market demand. Therefore, HC believes that the development prospect of bioplastics market worldwide is considerable

the implementation of the "plastic restriction order" is conducive to the development of biodegradable plastics

according to the latest data, in the three years since the implementation of the "plastic restriction order", the use of plastic shopping bags in major commodity retail places across the country has been reduced by more than 24 billion, and the cumulative plastic consumption has been reduced by 600000 tons, equivalent to saving 3.6 million tons of oil, equivalent to more than 5 million tons of standard coal, and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by more than 10 million tons

Chang Yizhi, a researcher in the chemical industry of CIC consulting, pointed out that in order to reduce environmental pollution caused by plastic bags, China implemented the "plastic restriction order" on June 1, 2008. In recent years, due to the implementation of the "plastic restriction order", the demand for plastic bags across the country has decreased significantly, which has a great impact on domestic traditional plastic production enterprises. At present, some domestic plastic related production enterprises have shifted their development focus to bioplastics with environmental protection and degradable characteristics, which is very beneficial to the development of biodegradable plastics in China

the report on investment analysis and prospect prediction of China's plastic products industry in released by CIC consultants shows that the biodegradable plastic market is currently in a rapid growth stage, and the United States, Germany, Japan and other developed countries are vigorously developing biodegradable plastics. However, the biodegradable plastic market in China has not been fully opened due to price, technology and policy reasons. It is expected that in the future, with the breakthrough of key production technologies and the introduction of relevant national policies, biodegradable plastics will have great development potential in China

Zhang Yanlin, research director of CIC, pointed out that the introduction of the plastic restriction order has advantages and disadvantages for the plastic industry. On the one hand, the introduction of the plastic restriction order has restrained the demand for plastic bags, which will bring pressure to the development of traditional plastic production enterprises; On the other hand, the introduction of the plastic restriction order can encourage domestic plastic production enterprises to strengthen technological research and development, and actively develop new products that meet market demand, which is conducive to the long-term development of China's plastic industry

it is expected that the global bioplastics production capacity will double in 2015

according to the research report jointly issued by the European bioplastics Association and the University of Applied Technology Hannover, the global bioplastics production capacity will double from 2010 to 2015, and will exceed the 1million ton mark in 2011

in 2010, the global production capacity of bioplastics was about 700000 tons, and by 2015, this figure will increase to 1.7 million tons. At the same time, the global bioplastics production capacity has exceeded 900000 tons in the first half of 2011, so it is very likely to reach more than 1million tons this year

Mr. hassovonpogrell, managing director of the European bioplastics Association, said: "we are pleased with the growth rate of bioplastics production capacity, and we believe that this data will reach a new high in the next few years."

the research of European bioplastics Association and Hannover University of Applied Technology found that the production ratio of bioplastics in the world is also changing. In 2010, bioplastics enterprises mainly produced biodegradable materials, with a total of 400000 tons (300000 tons of bioplastics for daily use); This proportion is expected to reverse next year

the HA tightening experiment of Hannover University of applied technology was carried out on a pressure testing machine. Ns josefendres said: "by 2015, the total output of biological daily-use plastics will reach 1million tons, accounting for more than half of the total global output of biological plastics. The production capacity of biodegradable materials will also continue to grow, and will reach 700000 tons in 2015."

it is understood that BASF global chemical will also focus on investing in the establishment of new plants and R & D facilities in Asia. In order to meet the growing demand for special plastics, BASF will also expand the production capacity of biodegradable plastics and build a new polyurethane plant in Shanghai. In addition, Europe is the largest bioplastics market in the world, and it is also in a leading position in the research and development of bioplastics. However, in terms of the number of bioplastics factories, the screw rod in Asia and South America is also one of the parts of tensile machine, with the fastest growth

biodegradable plastics made from domestic garbage

materials are the material basis and guide of technological progress and social development. Every scientific and technological leap is bound to be accompanied by the revolution of materials. Modern high and new technology is closely dependent on the development of new materials. Material science has become the main symbol of human civilization and the progress of the times. The preparation, processing and application of engineering plastics continue to promote the technological progress and structural adjustment of traditional industries, so that downstream products can reduce costs, meet environmental protection requirements, and promote sustainable economic development

synthetic map of degradable bioplastics drawn by scientists

courtyard waste to be treated

recently, scientists at the University of Florida successfully made degradable bioplastics from domestic waste

keelnathamshanmugam and lonnieingram, experts in Microbiology and cell science, initially studied the transition of plastic raw materials from grain carbohydrates to non grain carbohydrates. They collected 36d1 Bacillus coagulans strain from the hot spring of cal (istoga) in the United States, and added a little calcium carbonate during the test. They found that these courtyard wastes can produce a large amount of lactic acid, and its effect is completely comparable to that of grain carbohydrates

"this means that domestic waste can completely replace corn or sucrose to synthesize biodegradable bioplastics, which greatly reduces the cost," experts said. "The cost of using yard waste as raw material to produce plastics is 1/13 of sucrose and 1/5 of corn or wheat." Experts hope that the bioplastics produced by this new method can help the United States reduce its dependence on foreign oil

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